Did you know 8 out of 10 strokes could be avoided with some simple habits? Here are ten of them to adopt.
1. Control your blood pressure
Studies have shown that there is a link between stroke and atrial fibrillation. This disease is a complication of hypertension that affects over 30% of the American adults. Therefore, it is recommended to have your blood pressure checked regularly, especially in case of hypertension.
2. Eat healthily
Good nutrition reduces the risk of stroke. Researchers reviewed 375 studies published between 1979 and 2004 to identify the type of diet that best helps prevent stroke. According to their analyzes, a diet low in salt (less than 1,150 mg per day) and rich in potassium and magnesium lowers blood pressure and, as a result, helps prevent strokes.
3. Fight against a sedentary lifestyle
The studies are not conclusive enough to establish a real link between lack of physical activity and the probability of having a stroke, but the sedentary lifestyle seems to be bad. In fact, practicing physical and sports activities would reduce the risk of stroke by 25%.
4. Monitor your cholesterol
Cholesterol is a fat contained in the blood. It is essential for cell membranes, vitamin D and some hormones. There are two types of cholesterol. A high level of LDL-cholesterol (the bad cholesterol) is a major risk factor for heart and brain infarction by promoting the accumulation of fat plaques along the walls of the arteries, which is a source of infarction.
5. Avoid salt
A study has shown that a significant salt intake increased, more or less significantly, blood pressure, which would promote the occurrence of stroke and myocardial infarction. On average, our daily salt intake is close to 10g, but the recommended consumption is 5g.
6. Practice regular physical activity
The World Health Organization regularly recalls that lack of physical activity can have serious health consequences. One in three is totally inactive, that is, they do not do any physical activity. Lack of physical activity is a factor in cardiovascular disease, including stroke, and early mortality.
7. Stop smoking
Smoking is one of the major risk factors for cerebrovascular accident. The most common Ischemic stroke is atherosclerosis: fat plaques that develop on the walls of the arteries. When smoked, platelets form clots faster in the blood, making the arteries more fragile and faster clogged.
8. Limit alcohol
Alcohol consumption has a harmful effect on blood pressure and is a major risk factor for stroke. To prevent it, do not consume more than 10 standard drinks a week, no more than 2 standard drinks per day and have days in the week without consumption.
9. Avoid stress
The risk of stroke can be due to neuropsychological factors. Severe depressive symptoms increase the risk of stroke by 86%. It is therefore important to reduce stress by relaxation methods and a healthy lifestyle.
10. Have good oral hygiene
Good oral hygiene is essential to prevent stroke according to the scientists because our saliva contains many bacteria. Among them, Streptococcus mutans, the bacterium responsible for tooth decay, which could play a role in the occurrence of stroke.